Galette des Rois: a French tradition

You thought the French food fest was over now that Christmas and New Year’s Eve was behind us? Think again ! With the arrival of January comes a national obsession with the galette des rois – the “king cake.”

If you’re in France, you’ve probably noticed this scrumptious-looking cake, usually topped with a golden paper crown, in your local boulangerie (bakery) and pâtisserie (pastry shop) since December end. It’s flaky, sweet and best served at ambient temperature (warm attenuated the subtleties!

But the pleasure brought by a galette des rois isn’t merely due to its delicious taste – it’s also the anticipation of wondering whether you will be the lucky one to discover “la fève”, a tiny charm, buried inside one of the slices. If you are, you’re “king for a day” and take your place in a 700-year old French tradition.

History

The French have been serving up galette des rois  since the 14th-century. Traditionally, it’s served on January 6th – the 12th day of Christmas – to celebrate the Epiphany, a religious feast day commemorating the arrival of the Three Kings to the manger where Jesus was born. Today, it’s eaten throughout the month of January and is simply a festive way to celebrate the new year with family and friends, regardless of religious background.

The most common galette des rois is made of pâte feuilleté, puff pastry, and stuffed with a dense, creamy almond paste called frangipane. Other variations can be found with alternate fillings, such as chocolate, black sesame and so on… (!)

Galette des rois

Serving Traditions

Tradition dictates that when serving galette des rois, the entire cake should be divided such that each guest receives a slice, plus an extra, symbolic slice for any unexpected visitor, or poor person, that should pass by. In this way, everyone has the opportunity to “tirer les rois,” – or “draw the kings” – from the cake.

The “king” is represented by the fève, once a fava bean, now a porcelain or plastic figurine, hidden inside the cake. The person who discovers the fève in their serving is declared le roi (the king) or la reine (the queen) and gets to wear the golden paper couronne (crown) that comes with cake. In some families, le roi or la reine gets to choose a royal counterpart and is tapped to buy the next galette des rois.

la fève

Kids and adults alike can get surprisingly enthusiastic about the winning of the fève – many people collect them – and playful accusations of cheating might occur. To avoid this, it is traditional during the slicing of the galette to have the youngest child at the gathering slip underneath the table to call out the name of the person to receive each slice so the server can’t be accused of playing favorites!

Jacques Genin

Our favourite has been for years Jacques Genin  If you have 1 shot, go for it!

This year, we gave a try for a home baked galette des rois! (big big pressure!) With the right recipe (that we would be happy to share with those who ask!), it is as good as that of many pastry chefs selling galettes des rois with outrageous prices.

galette des rois maison
in the oven
home made galette des rois

Enjoy!